How Do I Know What’s Wrong With My Bladder?

An often overlooked yet vital part of the human body is the bladder. It plays a significant role in maintaining your overall health and well-being. When something goes wrong with your bladder, it can be uncomfortable and inconvenient, and disrupt your daily life. More importantly, bladder issues can indicate underlying and potentially serious health concerns. So, when an issue arises, how do you know what's wrong with your bladder?

How Do I Know What’s Wrong With My Bladder?

Recognizing the signs and symptoms of bladder issues is crucial so you can seek prompt and proper treatment or medical guidance. Below, we will look at some common issues and help you determine when to consult with a healthcare professional.

Proper Function

First, it is important to understand how a healthy bladder functions before discussing potential issues. The bladder essentially operates as a reservoir for urine, gradually expanding as it fills with fluid. When it is full, it expands and sends a message to the brain via a network of nerves, indicating that it’s time to release the fluid. The connection between the muscles, nerves, and brain ensures that the process runs smoothly.


Under normal circumstances, the process of emptying the bladder is relatively simple, straightforward, and painless. However, several factors can contribute to,  and disrupt the process. Some of the most common factors that contribute to bladder conditions include:

Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)

Bacterial infections in the urinary tract can cause pain, frequent urination, and a strong urge to urinate.

Overactive Bladder (OAB)

This condition involves sudden, involuntary contractions of the bladder muscles, leading to urgency and frequent urination. Individuals with OAB may experience the need to urinate more than eight times a day. Leakage during sexual activity is not unheard of.

Interstitial Cystitis (IC)

IC is a chronic condition causing pain and discomfort, often mistaken for recurring UTIs.

Bladder Stones

Minerals crystallize in the bladder, forming stones that can cause pain and difficulty urinating.

Bladder Cancer

Less common but serious, cancer can cause blood in the urine, frequent urination, and pelvic pain.

Signs and Symptoms

The following symptoms could indicate that you’re experiencing an issue with your bladder:

Frequent Urination

An increased frequency of bathroom trips, especially if it is disrupting your daily routine or sleep patterns, could signify an underlying problem.

Increased Urgency

A sudden, compelling need to urinate, that is difficult to control might indicate an issue.

Pain or Discomfort

Experiencing pain or a burning sensation while passing urine could suggest an infection or conditions like interstitial cystitis.

Urinary Incontinence

Accidental leakage of urine also known as stress incontinence occurs during activities such as laughing, sneezing, or exercising. This lack of bladder control might point to underlying issues. Urge incontinence may feel intense and cause an inability to delay getting to the toilet in time.

Difficulty Emptying

Struggling to empty your bladder or experiencing a weak urine stream could signal potential problems.

When to Seek Medical Attention

You should schedule an appointment with your health care provider if issues with your bladder become persistent and are disrupting your daily life.

Your healthcare provider will do an assessment. It may include tests such as a urine analysis, ultrasounds, or cystoscopy to properly diagnose underlying issues. To ensure you receive appropriate treatment and to prevent potential complications, a timely diagnosis is vital.

Potential Treatment Options

Treatments vary and depend on the underlying cause. If you have been diagnosed with a UTI or bladder infection, for example, antibiotics may be prescribed. If you are suffering from OAB, medications to relax bladder muscles may be beneficial.

Other potential treatment options may include physical therapy and dietary changes. In severe cases, such as cancer, surgical interventions may be necessary.

Important Factors to Consider

Certain factors, including lifestyle habits, can impact the health of your bladder. For instance, staying hydrated while avoiding excessive caffeine and alcohol intake can improve function. Maintaining a healthy weight, practicing pelvic floor muscle exercises, and addressing constipation can also help to correct and/or prevent bladder issues.

Schedule an Appointment with a Urologist

A healthy, properly functioning bladder is vital for your overall health and well-being. Being aware of the signs of potential issues, seeking guidance from a trusted urologist near you, and making any necessary changes to your lifestyle can improve your health and enhance your quality of life.

If you are experiencing persistent issues or changes in the function of your bladder, and you aren't sure what is wrong, schedule an appointment with a local urologist.


The attentive, compassionate physicians, providers, and staff at Adult Pediatric Urology & Urogynecology are committed to providing innovative, quality patient care in our state-of-the-art facility.

From screening and prevention to treatment and recovery, our health professionals will be there for you. Our team of dedicated physicians has been serving residents of Nebraska, Iowa, and South Dakota for more than 25 years.

Contact us today