Vasectomy FAQ

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Enjoy a guilt-free weekend on the couch watching football when you schedule your easy, safe, and quick vasectomy!

  • Safe, affordable and permanent family planning
  • The most effective form of birth control (except for abstinence)
  • Show your partner you care by taking away her need to use invasive and expensive birth control
  • Takes less than 20 minutes than a weekend on the couch to recover

Vasectomy FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions

What is a vasectomy?

A vasectomy is a simple, safe, easy, and inexpensive method of birth control when compared with other birth control methods such as condoms, oral contraceptives, implants, and devices or female sterilization called “tubal ligation”. Although there is a reversal procedure it can be costly and not always 100% successful so we strongly recommend men consider vasectomies to be permanent. Ask yourself whether you would want more children if you separated from your partner, if your partner died or if one of your children died. A man can bank (i.e. freeze) his sperm before his vasectomy is performed but it is expensive and most men do not do so.

Each year, more than 500,000 men in the U.S. choose vasectomy as permanent birth control. During vasectomy, each vas deferens (the two tubes that move sperm) are sealed off. This blocks sperm from reaching the semen that is ejaculated from the penis. After a vasectomy, the testicles still make sperm but they are absorbed by the body. A vasectomy prevents pregnancy better than any other method of birth control, except abstinence. There is only a .05% failure rate after the first year making the vasectomy the most effective birth control option short of abstinence.
vasectomy reproductive

Does insurance cover vasectomies?

Adult Pediatric Urology accepts most insurance carriers and most policies cover the costs of a vasectomy without a referral. It is important to check with your policy prior to the procedure to determine coverage and out-of-pocket costs. Our billing department is ready and willing to help you clarify your plan. We are also proud to offer care credit and personal loans for patients who self-pay.

The Vasectomy Procedure

After an initial consult appointment, your vasectomy will be scheduled in our outpatient surgery center. It is a minor surgery that should take about 20 minutes. Before the vasectomy, your scrotum will be shaved and cleaned. Usually, local anesthesia is used so you will be awake but should not feel any pain. Some patients may also be given medicine to reduce anxiety. With a standard vasectomy, the urologist makes one or two small cuts in the scrotum. One vas deferens tube is cut and tied or sealed with heat. The tube is replaced inside the scrotum. The procedure is then repeated on the other side. Lastly, the skin is closed with stitches that dissolve and do not have to be removed.

Another popular option is a no-scalpel vasectomy. In this procedure, a small clamp with pointed ends is used to puncture the skin. Then each vas deferens is lifted out, cut, sealed and then put back in place. A no-scalpel vasectomy works just as well as a standard vasectomy. Some benefits of a no-scalpel vasectomy are less bleeding, swelling and pain. There is also a smaller hole in the skin.

How long will you be on the couch?

Your scrotum will be numb for one to two hours after a vasectomy. Put cold packs on the area. Lie on your back as much as you can for the rest of the day. Mild discomfort or pain is normal after a vasectomy and should be treated with pain medication. Wearing snug underwear or a jockstrap will help ease discomfort and support the area.

You may have some swelling and minor pain in your scrotum for a few days after the surgery. You may be able to go back to work in one or two days. It depends on how you feel. But you should avoid heavy lifting for a week. You can resume sexual activity as soon as you are comfortable, usually within a week. Keep in mind that the vasectomy is not effective from day one. Sperm may still be in the semen for 12 weeks after a vasectomy. It takes about 20 ejaculations or three months to clear the sperm in your semen from the tubes.

However, results vary for different men. Your urologist will collect a specimen and conduct a semen test after the procedure. This is done to make sure your semen is clear of sperm. Until the sperm count is zero, sex without another method of birth control may lead to pregnancy.

What are the potential risks?

Up to 20 in 100 men may have ongoing pain or discomfort after a vasectomy. Most often, it is due to congestion of sperm in the system behind the blockage. This usually resolves with time. The pain is most often treated with anti-inflammatory drugs, like ibuprofen. One to 6 men in 100 may need more treatment to ease their pain.

After recovering from a vasectomy, a man and his partner should notice no difference during sex. An uncomplicated vasectomy does not cause erection problems. Ejaculation and orgasm should feel the same. The amount of semen does not decrease more than five percent. The only change your partner may be able to feel is a lump at the vasectomy site if one has formed.

How effective is a vasectomy?

Vasectomy is considered one of the most effective forms of contraception available, with a success rate of over 99%. After the procedure, sperm are no longer present in the ejaculate, greatly reducing the chance of pregnancy. However, it's essential to use alternative contraception until a follow-up sperm test confirms sterility, typically about 2-3 months after the procedure.

Is a vasectomy reversible?

While vasectomy reversal is possible, it's not guaranteed to restore fertility. Success rates vary depending on factors such as the length of time since the vasectomy and individual factors. Even with a successful reversal, pregnancy rates may be lower than with a vasectomy. Therefore, it's crucial for individuals considering a vasectomy to view it as a permanent decision and only undergo the procedure if they're certain about their desire to prevent future pregnancies.

Does a vasectomy affect your sex drive?

Vasectomy does not typically affect sexual function or libido. Since the procedure only interrupts the pathway of sperm, it does not interfere with the production of hormones or affect sexual desire. Most men report no change in their sexual experience following a vasectomy.

Is the procedure covered by insurance?

In many cases, vasectomy is covered by insurance plans as it's considered a preventive procedure. However, coverage varies depending on the insurance provider and specific plan. It's advisable to check with your insurance company to determine coverage and any associated costs.

Does a vasectomy affect ejaculation or orgasm?

Vasectomy typically does not affect ejaculation or orgasm. Since the procedure only blocks the pathway of sperm, ejaculation continues as usual. Men typically experience no changes in the sensation or intensity of orgasm following a vasectomy.

Can a vasectomy increase the risk of prostate cancer?

There is no conclusive evidence to suggest that vasectomy increases the risk of prostate cancer. Some studies have shown a slight association, but the overall risk is considered low and not significant enough to deter men from undergoing a vasectomy. It's essential to discuss any concerns about prostate health with a healthcare provider to make an informed decision.

Schedule an Appointment Today

When you call to set up an appointment we will schedule a brief consultation with one of our expert urologists. After the consultation, our billing department will help you determine what (if any) out-of-pocket costs you can expect. Then we will schedule your procedure in either our clinic or outpatient surgery center depending on your preference.



Adult Pediatric Urology, PC has 7 board-certified physicians and an attentive, dedicated staff. We have served Nebraska and Iowa since 1982 with two locations in Omaha and Council Bluffs. Our Omaha location includes an accredited outpatient surgical center with state-of-the-art equipment and a comfortable waiting area just minutes from Interstate 680. Our physicians successfully perform hundreds of traditional and no-scalpel vasectomies every year.

Vasectomies and consultations cannot be performed the same day but can often be done in the same week.